SASHA-OR develops an intelligent assistance robot for the surgical operating room. The concrete goal is the realization of an autonomous-collaborating surgical assistance system which is used sterilely at the operating table. The system is characterized by an unprecedented capability for flexible instrument and object management and cognitive robot-robot or robot-human interaction. As a learning system, it can be used universally in a wide variety of application scenarios. SASHA-OR develops a decisive key module for the realization of the so-called cognitive and collaborative intervention environment. This is intended to replace conventional operating rooms in the future. By integrating tactile sensor technology and computer vision methods and embedding them in a cognitive environment, the project realizes an application of embodied AI for the medical-surgical field.